Belt conveyer systems are used widely, in industry (moving goods and agricultural produce from one place to another in, for example, assembly lines), and in our everyday lives (in escalators, checkout counters and ski-lifts). For a successful conveyer system, it is essential to have a high quality conveyer belt suited to the purpose of the system. In general, what should we look out for?
Conveyer belts can be made of one or more layers of material. The bottom layer, which provides the strength and shape, is know as the carcass, and the top layer is called the cover. The number of layers and the material to be used depend on what is being transported, how far, under what conditions (for example, extreme heat or cold), and on specific needs (for example, where traction is essential). The carcass is most commonly made of polyesters, nylon or cotton, and the cover is most commonly made of rubber or plastic compounds.
It is essential to choose a conveyer belt made of high quality materials well-suited to the conditions in which it will be used, to ensure a long life for the belt, and reduced maintenance costs.
Noise is a consideration in any context, particularly when transporting people. High quality conveyer belts are made of material that is as quiet as possible.
Resistance to extreme temperatures
In certain contexts it is essential that the belt is made of materials that will endure very high or low temperatures. It is essential to consider this when choosing the right belt for a system. Industrial belts frequently need to be heat resistant, but in some contexts (for example, when transporting frozen foods, or in ski resorts), they need to be resistant to very cold temperatures.
To ensure smooth operation and longevity, the belt needs to be made with consistent thickness and width through the length of the belt. In addition, where the temperature and humidity can change, the belt needs to be constructed from material that will not shrink, expand or warp when conditions change. Consistency is key if performance is to be consistently high.
All conveyer systems need regular maintenance to ensure safety and efficiency. However, a high quality conveyer belt, selected with the particular context and requirements in mind, can lead to substantial savings, as it will be result in an efficient system with low maintenance costs.